- Geographical location and Demography
The Catholic Diocese of Kigoma, which was created in 1953 is found in Kigoma region, in the Western part of Tanzania, along the shores of Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world (1,470m. deep) after Lake Baiker in Russia. The Diocese covers some 45,066 sq. km, of which 8,029 sq.km is covered by water (Lake Tanganyika ) and has over 2,127,930 inhabitants (URT 2012) of whom 524,713 are Catholics. The rest divide among Christians of Protestant and Pentecostal denominations, Moslems and adherents of African Tradition Religions.
Besides the fact that Kigoma growth rate is very high in relation to most regions in Tanzania, there is an added fact that the influx of refugees from the neighboring countries that took place in the early 1990’s especially from DR Congo and Burundi add to the already high growth rate of the population in the region. Currently, Kigoma region has approximately 100,000 refugees who are accommodated in one camps of Nyarugusu.
For the work of evangelization, the diocese is blessed with a number of pastoral agents, working in the parishes, various departments and related institutions. These will include 70 priests, 119 religious women and 29 religious men and about 618 catechists. We also have 54 major seminarians in the various formation houses, inside and outside the country.
|District||Population||Area (Sq. Km)|
|Kigoma Ujiji Municipality||159,725||166,680||326,405||120||0||128|
The climate of Kigoma region is tropical modified by the existence of Lake Tanganyika and topography of the region. The meteorological statistics reveal that the mean daily temperatures range from 15-30â°C that varies inversely with latitude. The region experiences an average annual rainfall of 600mm as minimum in low altitude along Lake Tanganyika shores and 1600mm as maximum in the forested highlands per year. The distinct wet season begins late October to May with a short dry spell of 2 to 3 weeks in January and February, followed by a prolonged dry season. The heavy rainfall covers 120 days between March and June every year and spreads throughout the region. The light rainfall is received for 60 days and is common from October to December each year. The heavy rainfalls are used for cultivating crops that require more moisture such as paddy and maize. On the other hand short rainfalls are used by smallholder-farmers to cultivate crops that require less moisture and they contribute about 15% of the cereal production.